Radioplane to Ryan
Radioplane — The first large-scale production, purpose-built drone was the product of Reginald Denny. He served with the British Royal Flying Corps during World War I, and after the war emigrated to the United States to seek his fortunes in Hollywood as an actor. Denny had made a name for himself as an actor, and between acting jobs, he pursued his interest in radio control model aircraft in the 1930s. He and his business partners formed "Reginald Denny Industries" and opened a model plane shop in 1934 on Hollywood Boulevard known as "Reginald Denny Hobby Shops". The shop evolved into the "Radioplane Company". Denny believed that low-cost RC aircraft would be very useful for training anti-aircraft gunners, and in 1935 he demonstrated a prototype target drone, the RP-1, to the US Army. Denny then bought a design from Walter Righter in 1938 and began marketing it to hobbyists as the “Dennymite”, and demonstrated it to the Army as the RP-2, and after modifications as the RP-3 and RP-4 in 1939.
Rand Robinson — (USA). Huntington Beach, California, producer of single-seat, single-engine sport aircraft designed in the United States in the early 1970s and marketed for homebuilding.
Raytheon — (USA) Raytheon Company is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in defense systems and defense and commercial electronics. It was previously involved in corporate and special-mission aircraft until early 2007. Raytheon is the world's largest producer of guided missiles. Established in 1922, the company reincorporated in 1928 and adopted its present name in 1959. The company has around 73,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of approximately US $20 billion. More than 90 percent of Raytheon's revenues were obtained from defense contracts and, as of 2007, it was the fifth largest defense contractor in the world, and is the fourth largest defense contractor in the United States by revenue. Raytheon Headquarters was moved from Lexington, Massachusetts to Waltham, Massachusetts on October 27, 2003. The company was previously headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1922-1928, Newton, Massachusetts from 1928-1941, Waltham from 1941-1961, Lexington from 1961-2003, and Back to Waltham from 2003 onwards.
Republic — (USA) The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, Long Island, New York. Originally known as the Seversky Aircraft Company, the company was responsible for the design and production of many important military aircraft, including the P-47 Thunderbolt, F-84 Thunderjet, and F-105 Thunderchief.
Ric Jet Systems — (USA)
Robin — (France) Avions Robin was a French manufacturer of light aeroplanes. It was previously known as Avions Pierre Robin and Centre Est Aeronautique. The company was bought by Apex Aircraft in 1988.
Robinson — (USA) Robinson Helicopter Company of Torrance, California is the largest manufacturer of civil helicopters in the world. It was founded in 1973 by Frank Robinson, an ex-employee of Bell Helicopter and The Hughes Helicopter Company. Since delivering its first helicopter in 1979, Robinson Helicopter has produced over 8,000 aircraft. (The number was hit by an R44.) Robinson currently produces two models - the two-seat R22, and the four-seat R44, both of which use Lycoming piston engines virtually identical to those found in fixed-wing general aviation aircraft, such as the Cessna 172. In March 2007, Robinson announced plans for production of the Robinson R66, a 5-seat helicopter of similar configuration to the R44, but with the addition of a luggage compartment, wider cabin (by 8 inches), and powered by a Rolls Royce gas turbine engine. In December 2007, Robinson delivered its 800th helicopter for the year, a production record. The company was the highest rated helicopter manufacturer in Rotor and Wing magazine's survey of operators.
Rockwell — (USA) Rockwell International was one of America's premier companies in the latter half of the 20th century. It was the ultimate incarnation of a series of companies under the sphere of influence of Colonel Willard F. Rockwell. The various companies in the Rockwell empire list a huge number of firsts, including the famous WWII P-51 “Mustang” fighter and the B-25 “Mitchell” Bomber; and the Korean War-era F-86 “Sabre”, as well as the “Apollo” spacecraft, the B-1 “Lancer” bomber, the Space Shuttle“”, and most of the “Navstar Global Positioning System” satellites. Rocketdyne, which had been spun off by North American in 1955 was re-merged into Rockwell in 1984, and by this point produced most of the rocket engines used in the US. Rockwell also took over and manufactured the light business aircraft previously known as “Aero Commanders”, then introduced their own new design as the Rockwell “Commander 112” and “Commander 114”.
Roloff — (USA) Three professional pilots, Charles Roloff (Palos Park, Illinois), Robert Liposky and Carl Unger, produced RLU-1 “Breezy” tandem three-seat, "vintage configuration with all modern facilities", some hundreds flying.
Rose — (USA) Rose Aeroplane & Motor Company formed 1934 at 4415 E. Clark St., Chicago, to produce “Parakeet” single-seat biplane. Rights purchased 1949 by Hannaford, and 10 years later offered plans/kits of improved version.
Rotary Rocket, Inc. — (USA) Rocketry company that was headquartered in a 45,000-square-foot (4,200 m²) facility at Mojave Airport that developed the “Roton” concept in the late 1990s as a fully reusable Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) manned spacecraft. “Roton” was intended to reduce costs of launching payloads into low earth orbit by a factor of ten. Gary Hudson championed the design and formed the company. A full-scale test vehicle made three hover flights in 1999, but the company ran out of funds and closed its doors in early 2001.
RotorWay — (USA) Formed in 1970 by B.J. Sschramm at Tempe, Arizona, to produce improved helicopter named “Scorpion Too”. Subsequently moved to Chandler, Arizona, and added RW-145 engine of 150-hp. By 1984 had produced completely new "Exec" helicopter. In 1990 move to 300 S. 25th Ave., Phoenix, going into liquidation. Assets bought by Englishman John Netherwood, who formed RotorWay International, 1 June 1990 (company name Cobb International), marketing "Exec" with 23 modifications for sale worldwide.
Royal Aircraft Factory — (UK) It was created in 1908 as H.M. Balloon Factory. In October that year Samuel Cody made the first aeroplane flight in Britain at Farnborough. In 1911 it was renamed the Royal Aircraft Factory (RAF). Among its designers was Geoffrey de Havilland who later founded his own company, and Henry Folland - later chief designer at Gloster Aircraft Company, and founder of his own company Folland Aircraft.
Rutan Aircraft Company — Scaled Composites, formerly the Rutan Aircraft Factory, is an aerospace company currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, United States and is headed by aircraft designer Burt Rutan. Prior to acquisition by Northrop Grumman, the company was founded to develop experimental aircraft, but now focuses on designing and developing concept craft and prototype fabrication processes for aircraft and other vehicles. It is known for unconventional designs, for its use of non-metal, composite materials, and for winning the “Ansari X Prize” with its experimental spacecraft “SpaceShipOne”.
Ryan — The Ryan Aeronautical Company was founded by T. Claude Ryan in San Diego, California, USA in 1934. T.C. Ryan, previously best known for building Charles Lindbergh's transatlantic “Spirit of St. Louis”, actually had no part in building the famous plane other than founding Ryan Airlines in 1925. Ryan had been owner or partner in several previous companies, one of which also bore the name Ryan Aeronautical. The “Spirit of St. Louis”, was not built by the final Ryan Aeronautical entity. Northrop Grumman purchased Ryan Aeronautical in 1999. Ryan built several historically and technically significant aircraft, including two famous V/STOL designs, but its most successful production aircraft would be the Ryan “Firebee” line of unmanned drones used as targets and unmanned air vehicles.
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