Curtiss 1A Gulfhawk
Single-engine Single-seat Biplane, U.S.A.
Archive Photos 1
Curtiss F6C-4 "Gulfhawk IA" c.2004 at the National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, Virginia (Photos by Jim Hough)
- Curtiss F6C Hawk
- Role: Carrier-borne or land-based fighter
- Manufacturer: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
- Introduction: 1925
- Primary users: United States Navy; United States Marine Corps
- Produced: 1927
- Number built: 75
The Curtiss F6C Hawk was a late 1920s American naval biplane fighter aircraft. It was part of the long line of Curtiss Hawk airplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company for the American military.
Originally designed for land-based use, the Model 34C was virtually identical to the P-1 Hawk in United States Army Air Corps service. The United States Navy ordered nine, but starting with the sixth example, they were strengthened for carrier-borne operations and redesignated Model 34D. Flown from the carriers Langley and Lexington from 1927–30, most of the later variants passed to Marine fighter-bomber units, while a few were flown for a time as twin-float seaplanes.
- VF-9M (US Marines) operated 5 Model 34C, F6C-1 and XF6C-4 from land bases.
- VF-2 (US Navy) operated 4 Model 34D, F6C-2 from Langley
- VF-5S, later renamed VF-1B (US Navy) along with VF-8M (US Marines) operated 35 Model 34E, F6C-3 from Lexington
- VF-2B (US Navy) operated 31 Model 34H, F6C-4 from Langley
- F6C-1: Model 34C virtually identical to the P-1 series.
- F6C-2: Model 34D strengthened for carrier-borne operations and fitted with arrester hooks.
- F6C-3: Model 34E modified version of the F6C-2.
- XF6C-4: Model 34H prototype F6C-1 with a Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp radial engine.
- F6C-4: Model 34H production version of the XF6C-4.
- XF6C-5; Model 34H prototype F6C-1 with a Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet radial of 525 hp (391 kW).
- F6C-6: Model 34E modified for racing, with its radiator located inside the fuselage.
- XF6C-6: Model 34E the F6C-6 which had won the 1930 Curtiss Marine Trophy was converted to parasol-wing monoplane configuration and given wing surface radiators; after achieving the fastest lap in the 1930 Thompson Trophy race the XF6C-6 crashed when its pilot was overcome by fumes.
- XF6C-7: Model 34H testbed for an experimental 350 hp (260 kW) Ranger SGV-770C-1 air-cooled inverted Vee engine.
Curtiss F6C-4 Hawk Specifications 2
- Crew: 1
- Length: 22 ft 6 in (6.86 m)
- Wingspan: 37 ft 6 in (11.43 m)
- Height: 10 ft 11 in (3.33 m)
- Wing area: 252 ft2 (23.4 m2)
- Airfoil: Clark Y
- Empty weight: 1,980 lb (898 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 3,171 lb (1,438 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 410 hp (310 kW)
- Propellers: 2-bladed metal propeller
- Maximum speed: 155 mph (249 km/h, 135 kn) at sea level
- Range: 360 mi (580 km, 310 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 22,900 ft (7,000 m)
- Time to altitude: 5,000 ft (1,500 m) in 2 minutes 30 seconds
- Guns: 2 × fixed .30 in (7.62 mm) Browning machine guns in the forward fuselage
- Hough, Jim. The Skytamer Photo Archive, photos by Jim Hough, copyright © 2004 Jim Hough
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Curtiss F6C Hawk