Avions Max Holste MH-1521 Broussard
France — Single-engine six-seat high-wing utility monoplane

Archive Photos 1

Avions Max Holste MH-1521 Broussard (N1138G, c/n 301) on display 8/27/2005 at the Camarillo Air Show, Camarillo, CA (John Shupek photos copyright © 2005 Skytamer Images)

Avions Max Holste MH-1521 Broussard (N1138G, c/n 301) on display 8/19/2006 at the Camarillo Air Show, Camarillo, CA (Photos by John Shupek)

Overview 2

The Max Holste MH.1521 Broussard is a 1950s French six-seat utility monoplane designed by Max Holste to meet a French Army requirement.

Design and Development 2

The MH.1521 Broussard was designed to meet a requirement for a lightweight liaison and observation aircraft. It is a braced high-wing monoplane with twin vertical tail surfaces. It has a fixed tailwheel landing gear and is powered by a nose-mounted Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial piston engine.

A smaller 220 hp (164 kW) Salmson Argus powered prototype aircraft, the MH.152, was first flown on 12 June 1951; it had room for a pilot and four passengers but was too small and underpowered to meet the Army requirement. The company decided to develop a slightly larger version and changed the engine to a Pratt & Whitney Wasp Junior, which at 450 hp provided almost twice as much power. This model was designated the MH.1521 and later named the Broussard (lit. Man of the Bush, in the context of Bush Pilots rather than Bushmen). Its development was enthusiastically supported at a political level by WWII fighter ace and French war hero Pierre Clostermann, a close friend of Max Holste.

The prototype Broussard first flew on the 17 November 1952 and was followed by the first civil and military production aircraft in June 1954, and 363 were built between 1954 and 1959. Its similarity to the de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver in looks, capability and performance lead it to be nicknamed the French Beaver.

Operational History 2

It saw service in the Algerian War of Independence as an Army cooperation aircraft, mostly as an artillery spotter and in an air supply/ambulance role where its good short-field performance and resistance to ground fire were required. Its distinctive sound, made by its large propeller, was a disadvantage as the Algerian guerillas could hear its approach long before other aircraft. It remained in service until the 1980s, and can still be seen in France being operated by enthusiasts or collectors.

Variants 2

Military Operators 2

Specifications (M.H.1521 Broussard) 3




Tail Unit

Landing Gear

Power Plant


Dimensions, external

Dimensions, cabin internal

Weights and Loadings (Pilot and five passengers)



  1. Photo: John Shupek, copyright © 2005-2006 Skytamer Images. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
  2. History: Wikipedia, Avions Max Holste Broussard
  3. Specifications and performance data: Bridgman, Leonard, Max Holste: The Max Holste M.H. 1521 Broussard. Jane’s All The World’s Aircraft 1954-55. The McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1955. pp. 144-145

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