1956 “Jets” (R707-1)
Topps Chewing Gum, USA


Background


The “Jets” series was issued by the Topps Chewing Gum Company during 1956. The use of jet aircraft was fresh in the minds of the American public after the Korean War introduced the first full-scale use of jet propelled aircraft. Capitalizing on the popularity of this new type of aircraft, the Topps Chewing Gum Company issued their 240 card “Jets” set. The actual name of the card series was “Photo Album Jets” which only appeared on the packaging, not the cards. The American card catalog number for the series is R707-1. The cards measure 52 × 75 mm.

The use of the title “Jets” is a bit misleading, since the series includes the entire spectrum of aircraft types, i.e.: fighters, bombers, transport aircraft, utility aircraft, rockets, balloons, blimps, research aircraft, helicopters, flying cars, etc. Propulsion variants include, propellers, jet, rocket, ramjet & helium!

The Topps “Jets” set is divided into two series. The first series (cards 1-120) is known as the “Spotter Series.” The second series (cards 121-240) is known as the “Plane Facts” series. The second series, cards 121 to 240 are twice a difficult to obtain as the first 120 cards.

The card fronts feature black/white aircraft photos with a thin white margin on the left, top, and right sides. The bottom of the card includes the card number, card title (aircraft designation), national origin and aircraft type. The card number (red numbers within a black square) is positioned in the lower left-hand corner of the card. The card title (white) and national origin/aircraft type (black) are printed within a large red panel spanning the bottom of the card. Cards are printed on glossy card stock, and are presented in both horizontal (landscape) and vertical (portrait) formats.

The card backs are all presented in the horizontal (landscape) format. The backs are two-toned, printed with black and light pastel green inks on egg-shell white matte card stock. The backs are divided into two panels. The left panel (35%) is matte egg-shell white, while the right panel (65%) is light pastel green background. The “Jets” logo/card number is located in the upper left-hand corner. The “Aircraft Designation” and “Country/Aircraft Type” are located to the right of the “Jets” logo. The “Descriptive text” covering approximately 50% of the horizontal span, and is located to the left directly beneath the “Jets” logo. The “© T.C.G. Printed in U.S.A.” tag-line is printed in light pastel green beneath the descriptive text. The specifications for the aircraft are presented in a table format spanning the width of the card at the bottom. These data include Speed, Range, Ceiling, etc.

The backs of the first 121 cards are formatted as the “Spotter Series,” which includes a one-card over-lap into the second series. These cards include a single plan view of the subject aircraft along with the series designator Spotter Series is printed with black ink on an egg-shell white rectangle.

The “Plane Facts” series (cards 121-240) is similar to the “Spotter Series.” The plane facts series features an “Action Drawing” with a brief descriptive text directly beneath. The series designator “Plane Facts” is printed with black ink on an egg-shell white square. Note that there is a one-card overlap in the two series. Card 121 is actually a “Spotter Series” card rather than a “Plane Facts” card.

Image-Guide


The following R707-1 “Jets”" Image Guide is divided into the two 120-card series. High resolution 600-dpi images of both the card fronts and card backs are included.

Spotter Series (Cards 1 to 120)

Plane Facts Series (Cards 121 to 240)

Album


Topps included an album for the series … “Jets Photo Album.” The album contained a total of 24 pages … four cover pages and twenty slotted insert pages. The unprinted slotted insert pages housed six cards per page. There were two versions of the “Jets Photo Album,” one for distribution in the United States, and the other for distribution in Canada. The only difference between the two is the Canadian version containing the following tag-line on the inside back cover: “Distributed in Canada by O-PEE-CHEE CO., LTD., London, Ontario.” Examples of both albums are presented. High resolution 600-dpi images of album pages are behind each thumbnail image.

Wrappers and Display Boxes


Benjamin notes in reference 1, that there were the following three wrappers, and three retail display boxes associated with the “Jet Photo Album” series. At this point, we do not know the colonization of the wrappers and the boxes. Scans of the wrappers and digital photos of the boxes would be appreciated.

Checklist


Topps “Jets” R707-1 Checklist
Topps “Jets” Series 1 “Spotter Planes” - Series
1Cessna CH-1, U.S. Personal helicopter
2SPECMAS ARS-1301, French glider
3Lanier “Paraplane”, U.S. “safety” plane
4Short S.A.4, British long-range bomber
5Fiat G.82, Italian jet trainer
6F7U-3 “Cutlass”, Navy jet fighter
7Gyrodyne Model 33, U.S. helicopter
8F-89D Scorpion, U.S. interceptor
9FD-25B “Defender” ground support fighter
10Boeing 707, U.S Jet tanker-transport
11Pilatus P-3, Swiss elementary trainer
12Kaman HTK-1, utility Navy helicopter
13H.P.80 Victor, British medium bomber
14Custer CCW-5, U.S. channel-wing plane
15SAAB J-29C, Swedish photo-recon jet
16XA4D-1 Skyhawk, U.S. Navy light bomber
17SAAB A-32 “Lansen”, Swedish fighter
18Canadair Sabre Mk.5, RCAF jet fighter
19Avro-Canada CF-100, RCAF fighter
20Fokker S.13, Netherlands crew trainer
21Gloster Javelin, British interceptor
22Northrop X-4, U.S. Research aircraft
23Avro B-1 “Vulcan”, British bomber
24Short S.B.5, British research aircraft
25Saunders-Roe Princess, British plane
26P2V-3Z “Neptune”,Navy patrol bomber
27Kaman HTK-1, U.S. turborotor helicopter
28RH-1 Pinwheel, U.S. Rocket helicopter
29Grumman F9F-9 Tiger, U.S. Navy fighter
30Supermarine Swift, British interceptor
31McDonnell F3H-1N, U.S. Navy fighter
32Comet II, British jet airliner
33Convair B-36D “FICON” bomber-fighter
34YH-21 “Workhorse”, transport helicopter
35Doman YH-31, evacuation-rescue helicopter
36Nardi FN 333, Italian amphibian
37SA-16-A Albatross, U.S. triphibian
38Bell X-1-A, U.S. Research aircraft
39De Havilland 110, British interceptor
40F-86D Sabre, U.S. Jet fighter
41Sikorsky HR2S-1, U.S. Assault helicopter
42C-123B “Avitruc”, assault transport
43A2D Skyshark, U.S. Navy attack plane
44Colonial C-1 Skimmer, U.S. amphibian
45Lockheed XFV-1, U.S. fighter
46Sud-Quest Vautour, French fighter-bomber
47DHC-3 Otter, RCAF utility transport
48“Canberra”, British medium bomber
49Supermarine 525, British Navy fighter
50F4D Skyray, U.S. Navy interceptor
51Hiller YH-32, U.S. ramjet helicopter
52Aero 45, Czech light transport
53Goodyear ZP2N-2, U.S. Navy blimp
54M.K.E.K. Model 5A, Turkish light transport
55Convair Samaritan, U.S. hospital plane
56Piasecki H-25A, U.S. helicopter
57Vickers Viscount, British transport
58Airspeed Ambassador, British airliner
59Fairey Firefly, British anti-sub plane
60Hurel-Dubois H.D.32, French cargo plane
61Gyrodyne 2C, U.S. Utility helicopter
62Avro Tudor, British airliner
63Fokker S.11, Netherlands trainer
64“Safir”, Swedish trainer
65Lockheed XFV-1, U.S. Fighter
66Hunting Percival Provost, British trainer
67MiG-15, Russian jet fighter
68Farnham Fly-Cycle, U.S. lightplane
69Short Seamew, British anti-submarine plane
70Fairey VTO, British aircraft
71SAAB 210 Draken, Swedish research plane
72De Havilland Heron, British airliner
73Lockheed PO-1W, U.S. Navy radar plane
74Bristol Britannia, British transport
75Bristol 173, British transport helicopter
76“Swift”, British fighter
77Super Constellation, U.S. transport
78B & G Beverly, British cargo transport
79Armed Provost, British gunnery trainer
80Douglas DC-7, U.S. Transport
81Brantly B-2, U.S. Helicopter
82Regulus, U.S. Guided missile
83Hughes XH17, U.S. ’copter
84Auster Aiglet, Pakistan Air Force trainer
85Douglas X3, U.S. Aircraft
86Sud-Est “Mistral”, French jet fighter
87Bristol, British helicopter
88Goodyear ZP3K, U.S. blimp
89Fouga Gemeaux, French turbojet test-bed
90“Pogostick”, U.S. Fighter
91“Packet”, Air Force transport
92Ambrosini Grifo, Italian lightplane
93Nelson N-4, U.S. homebuilt plane
94Convair YC-131C, U.S. Turboprop transport
95Grumman F9F-5 Panther, U.S. navy fighter
96Boeing B-47E, U.S. Medium bomber
97Karhu 48B, Finnish lightplane
98Auster B-4, British ambulance-freighter
99Sud-Est Caravelle, French jet airliner
100Fairey Gannet, British anti-submarine plane
101Convair R3Y-2, U.S. Navy transport
102Short Sealand, British amphibian
103Vickers Varsity, British aircrew trainer
104Sud-Est Armagnac, French transport
105Sud-Est Grognard II, French attack plane
106Beecraft Honey Bee, U.S. lightplane
107Lockheed QF-80A, U.S. target drone
108Cessna XL-19B, U.S. Army liaison plane
109Ilyushin IL-12A, Russian transport
110Dassault Mystere IV, French interceptor
111North American T-28A, U.S. basic trainer
112Breguet 763, French airliner
113Sud-Est 3120, French helicopter
114Sud-Quest Bretagne, French airliner
115Sikorsky XHSS-1, U.S. helicopter
116Convair YF-102, U.S. interceptor
117De Havilland Beaver, Canadian Transport
118Piaggio P.136, Italian amphibian
119Lockheed YC-130A, U.S. turboprop transport
120DHA.3 Drover, Australian transport
Topps "Jets" Series 2 "Plane Facts" - Series
121Kaman HOK-1, U.S. helicopter
122“Farfadet”, French convertiplane
123Short Sunderland, British flying boat
124SIPA 200 Minijet, French liaison plane
125Short Shetland, British flying boat
126Potez 75, French attack plane
127Nord 2501 Noratlas, French transport
128Nord 1402 Noroit, French amphibian
129Morane Saulnier Fleuret, French trainer
130Matra-Cantinieau 101, French ’copter
131Breguet 960 Vultur, French attack plane
132Bearn Super Minicap, French sports plane
133Bearn Minicab, French sports plane
134Commonwealth Sabre, Australian fighter
135C.A. 22 Winjeel, Australian fighter
136Supermarine 535, British fighter
137Gloster Meteor, British fighter
138Fairey Rotodyne, British convertiplane
139Boulton Paul Balliol, British trainer
140Avro Shackleton Mk.2, British bomber
141F100 Super Sabre, U.S. fighter
142B-52 Stratofortress, U.S. jet bomber
143B-50D Superfortress, U.S. medium bomber
144C-97 Stratofreighter, U.S. transport
145Lockheed Starfire, U.S. interceptor
146F-84F Thunderstreak, U.S. fighter
147Fiat G.46, Italian trainer
148Cessna 319, U.S. research airplane
149Nike, U.S. guided missile
150Douglas A3D-1, U.S. Navy attack-bomber
151Beechcraft Mentor, U.S trainer
152Sipa 300R, French trainer
153M.S.760 Fleuret II, French trainer
154Sud-Quest Djinn, French Helicopter
155SFECMAS Gerfaut, French research plane
156Fairey Jet Gyrodyne, British ’copter
157Fairchild Packplane, U.S. transport
158Piasecki Transporter, U.S. helicopter
159Fulton Airphibian, U.S. airplane-auto
160Emigh Trojan A-2, U.S. lightplane
161Sud-Est Baroudeur, French attack plane
162Thalman T-4, U.S. lightplane
163Fairey F.D.1, British research plane
164Riley Twin Navion, U.S. lightplane
165Temco T-35A Buckeroo, U.S. trainer
166Temco Plebe, U.S. trainer
167Aero Commander, U.S. business plane
168Balloon, U.S. craft
169Grumman F9F-8 Cougar, U.S. fighter
170Martin P5M-2 Marlin, U.S. patrol plane
171RF-84F Thunderflash, U.S. photo recon
172Stits Sky Baby, U.S. lightplane
173Casmuniz 52, Brazil executive aircraft
174Helio Courier, U.S. lightplane
175McKinnie 165, U.S. lightplane
176Sud-Ouest SO-30 Atar, French airliner
177Short Sherpa SB-4, British research plane
178Rocket, Br. guided missile
179Sikorsky XH-39, U.S. helicopter
180Bell X-5, U.S. research aircraft
181Fouga CM 170R, French military trainer
182Dassault Ouragan, French fighter
183Boeing Bomarc, U.S. guided missile
184Glenview Flyride, U.S. helicopter
185Rocket, British guided missile
186I.AE.34 Sun Ray, Argentine glider
187Handley Page C.Mk.3, British transport
188Lear Learstar, U.S. executive plane
189Wideroe Polar, Norwegian utility plane
190Aerocar Model 2, U.S. flying auto
191Beechcraft Super 18, U.S. business plane
192Bell 47G-1, U.S. helicopter
193Martin XB-51, U.S. bomber
194Boeing Stratocruiser, U.S. transport
195Cessna 310, U.S. executive plane
196Cessna 195, U.S. utility plane
197F4U-5NL, U.S. fighter
198Sea Dart, U.S. fighter
199Douglas Globemaster, U.S. transport
200Douglas Skyknight, U.S. fighter
201Douglas A-26B, U.S. attack plane
202Douglas R4D-8, U.S. transport
203Grumman S2F-1, U.S. anti-submarine plane
204Grumman Mallard, U.S. amphibian
205Grumman Avenger, U.S. torpedo bomber
206Lockheed T-33A, U.S. trainer
207Martin 4-0-4, U.S. transport
208Martin Model 270, U.S. seaplane
209McDonnell XV-1, U.S. convertiplane
210Mooney “Mite”, U.S. lightplane
211F-86H Sabre, U.S. fighter
212North American F-51D, U.S. fighter
213Piper Tri-Pacer, U.S. lightplane
214Piper Apache, U.S. executive plane
215Sikorsky HRS, U.S. helicopter
216Avro Ashton, British research plane
217Avro 707B, Canadian patrol plane
218Bristol 170, British transport
219De Havilland Dove, British executive
220De Havilland Chipmunk, Canada trainer
221De Havilland Sea Hornet, British fighter
222Handley Page Hermes, British transport
223Handley Page T.Mk.11, British trainer
224Hawker Sea Fury, British fighter
225Percival Prince, British transport
226Prestwick Pioneer II, Scottish transport
227Supermarine Seagull, British seaplane
228Folland Midge, British fighter
229Can-Car Harvard IIB, Canadian trainer
230Avro PR-10, Canadian patrol plane
231Arsenal VG-90, French fighter
232Breguet BR.111E, French helicopter
233Farman Monitor, French trainer
234Hurel-Dubois H.D.31, French transport
235Payen P.A.49, French fighter
236SNCASE Languedoc, French research plane
237Sud-Ouest Trident, French research plane
238Sud-Ouest Corse II, French light transport
239Tachikawa RO 53, Japanese trainer
240Nord S.V.4A, French trainer

South African Jets Issue


During the 1956/57 timeframe, the Kellogg Company located in Johannesburg, Union of South Africa, issued their own version of the Topps "Jets" (R707-1) airplane trading cards.

This is what we currently know and do not know about the set:

Original samples cards #3 (Avro Ashton) and #12 (Sud-Ouest Trident) of the Kellogg’s “Jets” are presented below.

Below, we’ve also included computer enhanced versions of the two cards with direct comparisons to the Topps R707-1 counterpart cards.

References


  1. Shupek, John: Card images via the Skytamer Archive Digital Imaging Database
  2. Vladislav Kuchta: Low resolution scans of wrappers and display boxes.
  3. Benjamin, Christopher, and Dennis W, Eckes: The Sport Americana





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