1990 Master Index 1992

1991 Chronology of Aviation History
Major Aviation Events

January 1991

  • January 16 — Eastern Air Lines is dissolved after 64 years of operation. Many of its remaining assets are parceled out to American and Continental Airlines. [1]

  • January 17 — “Operation Desert Storm” begins as U.S.-led forces attack Iraq in a massive air assault after a United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from occupied Kuwait passes unheeded. USAF, United States Navy, USMC, RAF, French Air Force, and other Coalition aircraft participate. The Lockheed F-117A “Nighthawk” stealth fighter makes its first successful combat sortie, destroying an Iraqi telecommunications facility. USAF Boeing B-52 “Stratofortress” bombers based at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, fly a non-stop 35-hour, 14,000-mile (23,000 km) round-trip mission to strike Iraqi targets, the longest combat mission in history up to that time, and employ the Boeing AGM-86 ALCM air-launched cruise missile in combat for the first time. The Iraqi national integrated air defense system collapses within the first two hours after shooting down only one Coalition aircraft (a USN McDonald-Douglas F/A-18 “Hornet”), and the Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein has its commander executed. During the first 14 hours of the bombardment, the attack aircraft fly more than 1,000 sorties and drop 18,000 tons (16,329,493 kg) of explosives; they lose three of their number - one American, one British, and one Kuwaiti plane - during the day, all to Iraqi ground fire. Iraq loses 10 aircraft in air-to-air combat during the day. [1]

  • January 18 — Seven Coalition aircraft are lost, all to Iraqi ground fire. [1]

  • January 19 — Two Coalition aircraft are shot down, both by Iraqi ground fire. The Iraqi Air Force loses six aircraft in air-to-air combat to USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagle” fighters, five of which are shot down by McDonnell-Douglas F-15 “Eagles” employing Raytheon AIM-7 “Sparrow” air-to-air missiles. [1]

  • January 20 — Five Coalition aircraft are lost in combat - all to Iraqi ground fire - and two to non-combat causes. [1]

  • January 21 — The Soviet Union commissions the “heavy aircraft-carrying missile cruiser” Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov. A hybrid ship combining the capability of a Western aircraft carrier to operate high-performance fighters for fleet air defense with the heavy shipboard anti-ship missile armament of Soviet guided-missile cruisers, she is the first Soviet or Russian ship with a full-length flight deck similar to that of Western aircraft carriers and the only such ship ever to be built prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. [1]

  • January 21 — An Iraqi surface-to-air missile shoots down a USN Grumman F-14 “Tomcat” and a United States Army attack helicopter is lost to non-combat causes in the Gulf War. Coalition aircraft have flown more than 4,000 sorties against Iraqi forces since “Operation Desert Storm” began, targeting command-and-control centers, airfields, and Scud short-range ballistic missile launchers. They now shift their focus to Iraqi positions around Basra and along the Iraq-Kuwait border. [1]

  • January 22 — In the Gulf War, Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery downs a RAF Panavia “Tornado” ground-attack aircraft and the U.S. Army loses an attack helicopter to non-combat causes. Four USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” disable an Iraqi Navy T43 class minesweeper. [1]

  • January 23 — Iraqi anti-aircraft fire downs a USAF General Dynamics F-16 “Fighting Falcon” over Kuwait, and a USMC McDonald-Douglas AV-8B “Harrier II” and a U.S. Army attack helicopter are lost to non-combat causes. USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” attack Iraqi ships, disabling a tanker, sinking a Winchester-class hovercraft refueling from the tanker, and sinking a Zhuk-class patrol boat. [1]

  • January 24 — Iraqi ground fire shoots down another RAF Panavia “Tornado”, over Basrah, Iraq. Flying an McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagle”, Royal Saudi Air Force Captain Ayedh al-Shamrani, using Raytheon AIM-9 Raytheon “Sidewinder” air-to-air missiles, shoots down two Iraqi Air Force Dassault “Mirage F1” jets as they approach British Royal Navy ships in the Persian Gulf. USN aircraft attack Iraqi Navy ships; Grumman A-6E “Intruders” sink a Zhuk-class patrol boat and Spasilac-class minelayer and cause a minesweeper taking evasive action to strike an Iraqi mine and sink, and a force of Grumman A-6E “Intruders” and McDonald-Douglas F/A-18 “Hornet” hit four ships in an attack on Umm Qasr naval base. U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell announces that during the first week of air attacks on Iraq, Coalition air forces have flown more than 10,000 sorties, knocked out 61 of Iraq's 66 airfields, and shot down 19 Iraqi aircraft in air-to-air-combat, losing 16 of their own number - all to ground fire. [1]

  • January 26 — USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” of the 33rd Tactical Fighter Wing shoot down three Iraqi Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 “Floggers” using Raytheon AIM-7 “Sparrow” missiles. USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” attack Kuwait Harbor, hitting an Iraqi patrol boat, and elsewhere hit an Iraqi TNC-45 fast attack boat, leaving both boats burning. The USN loses an McDonald-Douglas F/A-18C “Hornet” to non-combat causes. [1]

  • January 27 — Two USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” of the 53rd Tactical Fighter Squadron shoot down two Iraqi Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 “Floggers” and two Iraqi Dassault “Mirage F1s” 60-100 miles (97-161 km) south of Baghdad using “Sparrow” and Raytheon “Sidewinder” missiles. United States Central Command claims that Iraqi naval losses thus far in the Gulf War total one oil platform, two patrol boats, one tanker, and four unidentified ships presumed sunk and four mine warfare ships, one hovercraft, three patrol boats, and two unidentified vessels confirmed as sunk. Coalition aircraft have inflicted most of the losses. [1]

  • January 28 — Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery shoots down a USMC McDonald-Douglas AV-8B “Harrier II” over Faylakah Island, and an U.S. Army attack helicopter is lost to non-combat causes. [1]

  • January 28-29 — USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” conduct two days of attacks on Iraqi ships in Bubiyan Channel, at the Umm Qasr naval base, and in Kuwait Harbor. [1]

  • January 29 — USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” of the 33rd Tactical Fighter Wing shoot down two Iraqi Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 “Floggers” using “Sparrow” missiles. After a British frigate detects 17 Iraqi small boats in the Persian Gulf carrying commandos for use in a seaborne assault during the “Battle of Khafji”, Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm Westland “Lynx” helicopters attack them with “Sea Skua” missiles. Soon more Westland “Lynxes” and Royal Navy WS-61 “Sea King Commando” and USN Sikorsky SH-60B “LAMPS III Sea Hawk” helicopters - with some of the helicopters using door machine guns and hand grenades - and RAF SEPECAT “Jaguar” and USN carrier-based Grumman A-6E “Intruders” bombers join in. The attacks sink 14 of the boats and drive the other three ashore, preventing the planned commando operation. [1]

  • January 30 — Fleet Air Arm Westland “Lynx” helicopters (employing “Sea Skuas””), RAF SEPECAT “Jaguars”, and USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” (using “Rockeye” cluster bombs) attack an Iraqi naval convoy made up of a minesweeper, three fast-attack craft, and three landing craft carrying troops and ammunition, breaking up the second and final seaborne component of Iraqi forces in the Battle of Khafji. The Coalition reports that thus far in the Gulf War it has destroyed or disabled 46 Iraqi naval vessels, although another report at about this time claims the total is about 60. Coalition aircraft have inflicted most of the losses. [1]

  • January 31 — An Iraqi shoulder-launched “Strela 2” surface-to-air missile hits a USAF Lockheed C-130H “Spectre” gunship over Kuwait during the Battle of Khafji; the aircraft crashes into the Persian Gulf, killing all 14 on board. It is the largest Coalition loss of life in a single aviation incident during the Gulf War. [1]

February 1991

  • February 1 — In the Gulf War, a USN Grumman A-6E “Intruder” hits an Iraqi Navy patrol boat near Min-al-Bakr oil terminal, leaving it burning. [1]

  • February 1 — USAir Flight 1493, a Boeing 737-300 with 89 people on board, collides with SkyWest Flight 5569, a Fairchild “Metro III” carrying 12 people, on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport, in Los Angeles, California, killing 23 were killed, 29 were injured, 12 seriously, 35 were killed in both aircraft, one died 31 days after the accident. [1,2]

  • February 2 — Coalition aircraft attack Iraqi Navy vessels at the Al Kalia naval facility, hitting a missile boat with two laser-guided bombs and straddling another with twelve 500-pound (227-kg) bombs; helicopters from the American guided-missile frigate USS Nicholas (FFG-47) engage four Iraqi patrol boats near Maradim Island, destroying one and damaging two; and USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” destroy an Iraqi patrol boat in Kuwait Harbor with two laser-guided bombs. The Coalition claims to have sunk or damaged 83 Iraqi Navy vessels thus far in the Gulf War, with Coalition aircraft inflicting most of the losses. Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery shoots down a USN Grumman A-6E “Intruder” near Kuwait City, Kuwait, an Iraqi short-range surface-to-air missile downs a USAF Fairchild A-10 “Thunderbolt II”, and a USMC Bell AH-1J “SeaCobra” crashes due to non-combat causes while returning from an armed escort mission. [1]

  • February 3 — Returning from a strike against Iraqi forces, a USAF Boeing B-52G “Stratofortress” attempting to land at Diego Garcia crashes on final approach. [1]

  • February 5 — A USN McDonald-Douglas F/A-18C “Hornet” crashes in the northern Persian Gulf while returning to its aircraft carrier from a strike against Iraqi forces. [1]

  • February 6 — Two USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” of the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing use Raytheon AIM-9 Raytheon “Sidewinder” air-to-air missiles to shoot down four Iraqi Air Force aircraft - two Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 “Fishbeds” and two Sukhoi Su-25 “Frogfoots” - fleeing to Iran at an altitude of about 100 feet (30 m). A USN Grumman F-14 “Tomcat” of Fighter Squadron 1 (VF-1) aboard the aircraft carrier USS Ranger (CV-61) shoots down an Iraqi Mil Mi-8 “Hip” helicopter, the last of the five kills Grumman F-14 “Tomcats” score during the “Tomcat's” career in USN service. [1]

  • February 7 — USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” use Raytheon AIM-7 “Sparrow” air-to-air missiles to shoot down three Iraqi Air Force Sukhoi Su-22 “Fitters” flying to Iran, as well as an Iraqi Mil Mi-24 “Hind” helicopter in northern Iraq; a USN Grumman F-14A “Tomcat” of Fighter Squadron 1 uses an Raytheon AIM-9 Raytheon “Sidewinder” missile to down an Iraqi Mil Mi-8 “Hip” helicopter; and a USAF Fairchild A-10 “Thunderbolt II” of the 926th Tactical Fighter Group uses 30-mm cannon fire to shoot down an Iraqi Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm Bo.105 helicopter. [1]

  • February 8 — A USAF Fairchild A-10 “Thunderbolt II” uses 30-mm cannon fire to shoot down an Iraqi Aérospatiale “Alouette III” helicopter. USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” neutralize two Iraqi Navy vessels - a training ship and a TNC-45 fast attack craft - at Khor Al Zubair. [1]

  • February 9 — A USN Grumman A-6E “Intruder” badly damages an Iraqi Zhuk-class patrol boat with a “Rockeye” cluster bomb. [1]

  • February 10 — USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” sink two Iraqi Navy patrol boats in the northern Persian Gulf. Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery shoots down a USMC McDonald-Douglas AV-8B “Harrier II” over southern Kuwait. [1]

  • February 11 — USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagles” of the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing use Raytheon AIM-7 “Sparrow” missiles to shoot down two Iraqi helicopters. [1]

  • February 13 — Two USAF Lockheed F-117A “Nighthawk” stealth fighters bomb a low structure in Baghdad which the Coalition believes houses an Iraqi military command-and-control facility. The attack destroys an air raid shelter, with Iraq claiming that over 400 civilians in it were killed, although the Coalition stands firm on its claim that the target was a military facility within which Iraq had illegally sheltered civilians to gain a propaganda advantage if they were killed. Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery downs a Royal Saudi Air Force Northrop F-5E “Tiger II” fighter over southwestern Iraq. [1]

  • February 14 — USN Grumman A-6E “Intruders” sink an Iraqi Navy “Osa”-class missile boat in Kuwait Bay, the last Iraqi naval loss of the Gulf War. Iraqi ground fire shoots down a RAF Panavia “Tornado” and a Royal Saudi Air Force Northrop F-5E “Tiger II” during strikes on Iraqi forces, and a USAF General Dynamics/Grumman EF-111A “Raven” electronic warfare aircraft crashes in Saudi Arabia due to battle damage. The United States reports that Coalition airstrikes against Iraqi military forces in Kuwait have destroyed 1,300 of Iraq's 4,280 tanks, 850 of its 2,870 armored personnel carriers, and 1,100 of its 3,110 artillery pieces there. [1]

  • February 15 — Iraqi shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles shoot down two USAF Fairchild A-10 “Thunderbolt II” aircraft while they are attacking Iraqi Republican Guard forces, and a USN Grumman A-6E “Intruder” crashes in Saudi Arabia due to battle damage. A USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15E “Strike Eagle” on an anti-Scud ballistic missile mission destroys a hovering Iraqi helicopter with a laser-guided bomb; the helicopter is the last Iraqi aircraft destroyed in the air during the Gulf War. [1]

  • February 16 — A USAF General Dynamics F-16C “Fighting Falcon” crashes while making an instrument landing approach in Saudi Arabia. [1]

  • February 18 — A USAF General Dynamics F-16 “Fighting Falcon” goes down in Kuwait 40 miles (64 km) north of the Saudi border. [1]

  • February 19 — Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery shoots down a USAF Fairchild A-10A “Thunderbolt II” airborne forward air control aircraft over Kuwait. [1]

  • February 21 — Iraqi forces shoot down a U.S. Army Bell OH-58 “Kiowa” helicopter as it returns from a border reconnaissance mission, and U.S. military forces lose three other helicopters and an General Dynamics F-16 “Fighting Falcon” fighter in non-combat crashes. In five weeks of air strikes against Iraq and Iraqi forces in Kuwait, Coalition aircraft have flown over 88,000 sorties, with the loss of 22 American and nine other aircraft, all to enemy ground fire. [1]

  • February 23 — Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery downs a USMC McDonald-Douglas AV-8B “Harrier II” near Ali Al Salem Air Base in Kuwait. [1]

  • February 24 — The U.S.-led Coalition's ground attack against Iraqi forces in Kuwait begins. In its first hours, 60 United States Army Sikorsky UH-60 “Blackhawk” helicopters carry the 1st Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) 75 miles (120 km) inside Iraq, where the brigade seizes a forward operating base. The brigade's sudden appearance unnerves Iraqi defenders so badly that they surrender quickly, with some surrendering to helicopters before American troops begin to land. [1]

  • February 25 — 63 U.S. Army Sikorsky UH-60 “Blackhawk” helicopters lift the 3rd Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) 155 miles (250 km) behind Iraqi ground forces attempting to retreat from Kuwait, cutting them off. This will allow Coalition aircraft and ground forces to annihilate the trapped Iraqi units on Highway 8 between Basra and Baghdad. Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery shoots down a USMC McDonald-Douglas AV-8B “Harrier II” southeast of Kuwait City, and also claims an American North American OV-10D “Bronco” and an American attack helicopter. [1]

  • February 27 — Fearing that its arrival overhead presages a devastating Coalition airstrike against their positions, 40 Iraqi soldiers on Faylaka Island surrender to a USN “Pioneer” unmanned aerial vehicle flying a reconnaissance mission from the battleship USS Wisconsin (BB-64). It is the first time in history that troops surrender to an unmanned vehicle. [1]

  • February 27 — An American North American OV-10D “Bronco” becomes the last Coalition aircraft lost in combat during the Gulf War. [1]

  • February 28 — The U.S.-led Coalition calls a cease fire with Iraq, with all Iraqi forces driven out of Kuwait and airpower having neutralized practically all of Iraq's ability to make war. Coalition aircraft have shot down 40 Iraqi aircraft while losing none of their own in air-to-air combat. [1]

March 1991

  • March 3 — At cease fire talks with Iraqi representatives at Safran, Iraq, American General Norman Schwartzkopf warns them that Coalition forces will shoot down any Iraqi aircraft flying over the country. [1]

  • March 3 — United Airlines Flight 585, a Boeing 737-291, experiences a rudder hardover on final approach to Colorado Springs Municipal Airport at Colorado Springs, Colorado, and dives into the ground, killing all 25 people on board. First Officer Patricia Eidson becomes the first female pilot to die in an accident involving an American pure-jet airliner. [1]

  • March 5 — Aeropostal Alas de Venezuela Flight 108, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-9, crashes into a mountain shrouded in fog near La Valesa, Venezuela, killing all 45 people on board. [1]

  • March 20 — A USAF McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagle” of the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing uses an Raytheon AIM-9 Raytheon “Sidewinder” air-to-air missile to shoot down an Iraqi Air Force Sukhoi Su-22 “Fitter” which is violating the post-Gulf War Coalition prohibition against Iraqi military flights. [1]

  • March 22 — A 36th Tactical Fighter Wing McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagle” again downs an Iraqi Su-22 “Fitter” with a Raytheon “Sidewinder”. Another Su-22 “Fitter” accompanying the first one crashes while maneuvering to evade the approaching McDonnell-Douglas F-15C “Eagle”. The pilot of an Iraqi Pilatus PC-9 trainer bails out when American aircraft approach his plane. [1]

  • March 26 — Four armed men claiming to be members of the Pakistan Peoples Party hijack Singapore Airlines Flight 117, an Airbus A310-300 with 123 other people on board, during a flight from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Singapore. After the aircraft lands at Singapore Changi Airport, they demand the release of Asif Ali Zardari and other members of their party from jail. The following morning, they push two stewards from the plane onto the tarmac, injuring them, and threaten to begin killing passengers, after which the Singapore Armed Forces Commando Formation storms the plane and kills all four hijackers without further injury to anyone else on board. [1]

April 1991

  • April —KLM “Cityhopper” commences operations after NLM “Cityhopper” and Netherlines merge to create the airline. [1]

  • April 4 — United States Senator H. John Heinz III and six others are killed when his Piper “Aerostar” and a Bell 412 helicopter collide over Lower Merion Township, Pennsylvania, and crash. [1]

  • April 5 — Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311, an Embraer 120RT “Brasilia”, crashes on approach to Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 people on board. Among the dead are former United States Senator John Tower, his daughter Marian, astronaut Manley “Sonny” Carter, and American College of Physicians president-elect Dr. Nicholas Davies. [1]

  • April 6 — “Operation Provide Comfort” begins to bring aid to civilians in northern Iraq. It includes a no-fly zone for Iraqi military aircraft over Iraq north of the 36th parallel enforced by American, British, and French aircraft, and continues until 24 July. [1]

May 1991

  • May 26 — Minutes after takeoff from Don Mueang International Airport in Bangkok, Thailand, a thrust reverser deploys in flight aboard Lauda Air Flight 004, the Boeing 767-3Z9ER “Mozart”, causing it to stall, dive, and disintegrate at 4,000 feet (1,219 m). Its wreckage falls over a wide area in what is now Phu Toei National Park in Uthai Thani province, Thailand. All 223 people on board die. [1]

June 1991

  • June 14 — Julie Ann Gibson becomes the first woman to qualify as a pilot with the RAF. [1]

  • June 17 — Alaska Airlines commences services to the Soviet Union. [1]

July 1991

  • July 8 — A USN McDonald-Douglas F/A-18 “Hornet” fighter is forced to shoot down a Grumman E-2 “Hawkeye” airborne early warning aircraft after its crew abandons it following an engine fire. [1]

  • July 10 — Attempting an instrument approach to Birmingham Municipal Airport (now Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport) in severe thunderstorms, L'Express Airlines Flight 508, a Beechcraft C99, crashes in the Ensley neighborhood of Birmingham, Alabama, killing 13 of the 15 people on board and injuring the two survivors and four people on the ground. It remains the deadliest aviation accident in Alabama's history. [1]

  • July 11 — An under-inflated tire overheats and starts a fire on board Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-61, shortly after takeoff from King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The flight crew attempts to return to the airport, but the airliner crashes short of the runway, killing all 261 people on board. It remains the deadliest accident involving a DC-8. [1]

  • July 24 — “Operation Provide Comfort” in northern Iraq ends and is succeeded immediately by “Operation Provide Comfort II”, a more straightforwardly military operation to prevent Iraqi forces from attacking Iraqi Kurds. It includes a no-fly zone for Iraqi military aircraft over Iraq north of the 36th parallel enforced by American, British, and French aircraft. [1]

August 1991

  • August 16 — Indian Airlines Flight 257, a Boeing 737-2A8, crashes on descent into Imphal, India, killing all 69 people on board. [1]

September 1991

  • September 8-12 — The 35th Annual Tailhook Association Symposium - an annual gathering of U.S. naval aviators - takes place at the Las Vegas Hilton in Las Vegas, Nevada. During the symposium, over 100 USN and USMC officers are alleged to have sexually assaulted 83 women and seven men in what becomes known as the Tailhook scandal. Resulting investigations conducted by the Department of the Navy, the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, and others lead to the resignation of Secretary of the Navy H. Lawrence Garrett III, the early retirement of Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Frank B. Kelso II, and a total of 14 admirals and almost 300 other officers having their careers ended or damaged. The Department of the Navy severs its ties to the Tailhook Association from October 1991 until January 1999. [1]

  • September 11 — Continental Express Flight 2574, an Embraer EMB 120RT “Brasilia” operated by Britt Airways, crashes near Eagle Lake, Texas, while on approach to George Bush International Airport in Houston, Texas, killing all 14 people on board. [1]

October 1991

  • October 29 — A Royal Australian Air Force Boeing 707-368C (A20-103), crashes into the Pacific Ocean 43 km (27 mi) south of RAAF Base East Sale, Victoria, Australia, while conducting an asymmetric flight demonstration. [1]

November 1991

  • November 20 — An Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 “Hip” helicopter is shot down in Khojavend Rayon, killing all 22 people on board, including government officials from Azerbaijan and observers from Russia and Kazakhstan. [1]

December 1991

  • December 4 — Pan American World Airways, bankrupt since August 11, is finally dissolved after 64 years of operation. [1]

  • December 25 — The Soviet Union is dissolved into 15 post-Soviet states, bringing the Cold War to an end. [1]

  • December 27 — Ice breaks off the wings and is sucked into both engines of Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751, a McDonnell-Douglas MD-81 with 129 people on board, causing both engines to shut down just after the aircraft lifts off from Stockholm, Sweden. The plane makes an emergency landing in a field near Gottröra. There are no fatalities, but 92 of the people on board are injured. [1]

  • December 29 — China Airlines Flight 358, a Boeing 747-2R7F cargo plane, crashes shortly after takeoff from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei, Taiwan, after the number three engine and its pylon break off the right wing and strike the number four engine, breaking it off as well. The entire crew of five dies. The Boeing Company subsequently recalls all Boeing 747s for pylon modifications. [1]

1991 Aircraft First Flights

  • February 13 — Swearingen SJ30. [1]

  • April 27 — Eurocopter “Tiger”. [1]

  • April 29 — Cessna “CitationJet”. [1]

  • May 10 — Canadair “Regionaljet”. [1]

  • May 15 — Lockheed ES-3A “Shadow”. [1]

  • May 31 — Pilatus PC-12. [1]

  • June 18 — BAe RJ70. [1]

  • September 15 — McDonnell-Douglas C-17 “Globemaster III”. [1]

  • October 25 — Airbus A340. [1]

1991 Aircraft Retiring from Service

  • 1991 — Avro “Shackleton” by the RAF. [1]

  • Works Cited

    1. Timeline and History: Wikipedia. 1991 in Aviation
    2. Recht, Gary. "Corrections and Additions to Website", email: 11/30/2017

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