First flown on January 14, 1960, the Cherokee is a low-cost four-seat all-metal low-wing monoplane with a non-retractable tricycle landing gear. Only 1,200 parts go into its "manufacture", compared with over 1,600 in the four-seat high-wing Piper Tri-Pacer, which preceded it. The first production Cherokee flew on February 10, 1961 and production reached four aircraft per day by the beginning of 1962. The 1,000th Cherokee was delivered on January 24, 1963.
During 1963, three basic versions of the Piper Cherokee B were in production:
Piper PA-28-150 — 150-hp Lycoming O-320-A2A engine. FAA Type Approval June 2, 1961.
Piper PA-28-160 — 160-hp Lycoming O-320-D2A engine. FAA Type October 31, 1960.
Piper PA-28-180 — 180-hp Lycoming O-360-A2A engine and alternator instead of usual generator. Wheel fairings standard. FAA Type Approval August 3, 1962.
Each of these basic versions was available in four different models, with varying standards of equipment, as follows:
Standard Cherokee — Standard model with dual controls.
Custom Cherokee — As standard model, with addition of sensitive altimeter, two rotating beacons, navigation, landing, taxi and instrument panel lights, sun visors, Piper PTR-1 VHF transmitter/receiver, Piper O-1 Omni-navigation equipment, etc.
Super Custom Cherokee — As Custom model, with addition of full blind-flying instrumentation and Piper AutoNav RDF.
AutoFlite Cherokee — As Super Custom model, with addition of Piper AutoControl automatic flight system.
The Piper PA-28S-160 and PA-28S-180 Cherokees were available in seaplane form with Edo Model 89-2000 floats, having received FAA Type Approval on February 25, 1963 and May 10, 1963 respectively.
Specifications and Performance Data (Piper PA-28-180 Cherokee Archer)2
Four-seat cabin monoplane.
Cantilever low-wing monoplane.
Wing section NACA 652-415.
Aspect ratio 5.63.
Constant chord of 5 ft 3 in (1.60 m.).
All-metal wings, ailerons and trailing-edge flaps, except for glass-fiber wing-tips.
Ailerons and flaps have corrugated skin.
Ground adjustable tab in port aileron.
Total area of ailerons: 10.60 ft2 (0.99 m2).
Total area of flaps: 14.60 ft2 (1.36 m2).
Gross wing area: 160 ft2 (14.86 m2).
Aluminium alloy semi-monocoque structure.
Glass-fiber engine cowling.
Cantilever all-metal construction, except for glass-fiber tips on fin and tailplane.
Fin and rudder have corrugated metal skin.
One-piece all-moving horizontal surface with anti-balance tab.
Trim-tab in rudder.
Area, Fin: 7.50 ft2 (0.70 m2)
Area, Rudder: 4.10 ft2 (0.38 m2)
Area, Tailplane: 24.40 ft2 (2.26 m2)
Tailplane span 10 ft (3.05 m)
Non-retractable tricycle type.
Piper oleo-pneumatic shock-absorbers.
Cleveland wheels and Schenuit tires, size 6.00x6, on all three wheels.
Cleveland disc brakes.
Wheel track: 10 ft (3.05 m)
Wheelbase: 6 ft 2.5 in (1.89 m)
One 180-hp Lycoming O-360-A2A four-cylinder horizontally-opposed air-cooled engine, driving Sensenich type M74DM60 two-blade fixed-pitch airscrew, diameter 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m).
Fuel in two tanks in wing leading-edges, with total capacity of 50 U.S. gallons (189 litres).
Four persons in pairs in enclosed cabin.
Individual front seats; bench type rear seat.
Large door on starboard side.
Heater and ventilation.
Baggage compartment aft of cabin, with capacity of 125 lb (57 kg), door on starboard side.
Rear seat removable to provide 44 ft3 (1.25 m3) cargo space.
Provision for carrying stretcher.
Span: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
Length: 23 ft 3.5 in (7.10 m)
Height (landplane): 7 ft 3.5 in (2.22 m)
Height (seaplane): 11 ft 1 in (3.38 m)
Weights and LoadingsWeight empty (Standard):
PA-28-180: 1,225 lb (556 kg)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 1,385 lb (628 kg)
Max. T/O. Weight:
PA-28-180: 2,400 lb (1,089 kg)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 2,222 lb (1,008 kg)
PA-28-180: 15.0 lb/ft2 (73.2 kg/m2)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 13-9 lb/ft2 (67.9 kg/m2)
PA-28-180: 13-3 lb/hp (6-04 kg/hp)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 12.3 lb/hp (5.58 kg/hp)
PerformanceMaximum Speed at S/L:
PA-28-180: 150 mph (241 kmh)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 131 mph (211 kmh)
Maximum Cruising Speed (75% power):
PA-28-180: 141 mph (227 kmh)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 122 mph (196 kmh)
Stalling Speed (flaps down):
PA-28-180: 57 mph (92 kmh)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 56 mph (90 kmh)
Rate of Climb at S/L:
PA-28-180: 720 ft (220 m)/min
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 640 ft (195 m)/min
PA-28-180: 15,700 ft (4,785 m)
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 11,000 ft (3,350 m)
PA-28-180: 775 ft (236 m)
PA-28-180: 600 ft (183 m)
Range (55% power at 10,000 ft = 3,050 m, 36 U.S. gallons fuel):
PA-28-180 (seaplane): 470 miles (756 km)
Range (75% power at 7,000 ft = 2,130 m, 50 U.S. gallons fuel):
PA-28-180: 705 miles (1,135 km)
Range (55% power at 10,000 ft = 3,050 m, 50 U.S. gallons fuel):