Cessna 195 "Businessliner"
United States — Light Personal and Business Aircraft


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Archive Photos

1948 Cessna 195 (N195H, c/n 7200) at the 2005 Camarillo Air Show, Camarillo, CA (Photo by John Shupek)

1949 Cessna 195 (N195SC, s/n 7402) at the 2009 Cable Air Show, Cable Airport, Upland, CA (Photos by John Shupek)

Cessna 190/195 Overview


  • Role: Light personal and business aircraft
  • National origin: USA
  • Manufacturer: Cessna Aircraft Company
  • First flight: 1945
  • Introduction: 1947
  • Produced: 1947-1954
  • Number built: 1,180
  • Unit cost: USD $12,750 (1947)
  • Developed from: Cessna 165

The Cessna 190 and 195 "Businessliner" are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954. The Cessna 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force, Air National Guard and Army as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designation Cessna LC-126.

Development


The Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 were Cessna's only postwar radial-engine aircraft. The first prototype flew in 1945, after the end of World War II and both the Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 entered production in 1947.

The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing planform differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, Cessna 172 and Cessna 182.

The Cessna 190/195 fuselages were large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated upfront. The crew and passengers were accommodated on individual seats in the first row with comfortable space between seats with up to three passengers on a bench seat in the second row.

The Cessna 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear. Many have been equipped with swiveling cross-wind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies landings it makes the aircraft difficult to ground handle. The Cessna 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit.

The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".

The engines fitted to the Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 became well-known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5 gallon oil tank, with 2 gallons the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is two quarts per hour.

A factory-produced floatplane version was equipped with a triple tail for improved lateral stability. The tail resembles that of the Lockheed Constellation.

Variants


The difference between the 190 and the 195 models was the engine installed.

  • 190: Powered by a Continental W670-23 engine of 240-hp (180 kW) and first certified on 1 July 1947.
  • 195: Powered by a Jacobs R755-A2 engine of 300-hp (225 kW) and first certified on 12 June 1947.
  • 195A: Powered by a Jacobs L-4MB (R-755-9) engine of 245-hp (184 kW) and first certified on 6 January 1950.
  • 195B: Powered by a Jacobs R-755B2 engine of 275-hp (206 kW) and first certified on 31 March 1952. It featured flaps increased in area by 50% over earlier models.
  • LC-126: The LC-126 was the military version of the 300-hp (220 kW) Cessna 195 and could be fitted with skis or floats. 83 LC-126's were delivered, including: USAF (15), Air National Guard (5), US Army (63).
  • Once made surplus the majority of LC-126s were sold as civil aircraft, once modified by a Cessna civil kit.

Production


Including the USAF Cessna LC-126s, a total of 1,180 Cessna 190s and Cessna 195s were built. The Cessna 190 was originally introduced at a price of USD $12,750 in 1947. When production ended the price had risen to USD $24,700 for the Cessna 195B. This compared to USD $3,495 for the Cessna 140 two seater of the same period.

Performance


The Cessna 195 produces a cruise true airspeed of 148 knots (170 mph, 275 km/h) on a fuel consumption of 16 US gallons per hour. In comparison, the 50-year newer Cirrus SR22, designed for the same role and also a fixed-gear, single-engine aircraft equipped with a similar output 310-hp (231 kW) engine with an average fuel consumption of 17 gallons per hour, cruises at 185 knots (213 mph, 345 km/h).

In Service


The Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 are considered "one of the finest classics ever built" by pilots and collectors and are much sought after on the used aircraft market. In August 2008 the number of Cessna 190s and Cessna 195s still registered in the USA and Canada were:

  • Cessna 190 (108)
  • Cessna 195 (282)
  • Cessna 195A (157)
  • Cessna 195B (136)
  • In August 2009 there were three Cessna 190s and 17 Cessna 195s registered in Canada.

Aircraft Type Club


The Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 are supported by an active aircraft type club, the International Cessna 195 Club.

Cessna Model 190 Specifications and Performance Data


Type:

  • Four/five-seat Cabin Monoplane

Wings:

  • High-wing cantilever monoplane.
  • Two-spar all-metal structure tapering in chord and thickness from root to tip.
  • All metal ailerons.
  • Electrically-operated flaps inboard of ailerons and hinged to top surface in-line with rear spar. These flaps lie flush with wing surface when retracted.
  • Gross wing area: 218.125 ft2 (20.2 m2).

Fuselage:

  • Oval section all-metal monocoque structure.

Tail Unit:

  • Cantilever monoplane type.
  • All-metal structure including covering.

Landing Gear:

  • Cessna patented gear of chrome-vanadium spring steel, the flexing of the two aerodynamically-clean legs providing the only means of shock-absorption.
  • Wheel brakes.
  • Steerable tail-wheel.

Power Plant:

  • One 240-hp Continental nine-cylinder radial air-cooled engine driving a Hamilton Standard Hydromatic constant-speed airscrew.
  • Fuel tanks in wings.

Accommodation:

  • Enclosed cabin seating four or five, two forward with throw-over control column, and two or three on seat across the Back of the cabin.
  • Luggage compartment aft of rear seat accessible from cabin or from outside through door on starboard side.
  • Sound proofing and cabin heating and ventilation.
  • Two-way radio with loud speaker.
  • Retractable steps to entrance doors on each side of cabin.
  • Rear seat may be removed by undoing four bolts to provide 85 ft3 of cargo

Dimensions:

  • Span: 36 ft 2 in (11 m)
  • Length: 27 ft 1 in (8.26 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.16 m)

Weights and Loadings:

  • Weight empty: 2,015 lb (915 kg)
  • Weight loaded: 3,350 lb (1,521 kg)
  • Wing loading: 15.36 psf (74.85 kg/m2)
  • Power loading: 13.96 lb/hp (6.3 kg/hp)

Cessna 190 Performance:

  • Max speed: 170 mph. (272 km/h.)
  • Cruising speed at 70% power: 160 mph (256 km/h) at 7,000 ft (2,135 m)
  • Initial rate of climb: 1,050 fpm (320 m/min)
  • Service ceiling: 16,000 ft (4,880 m)
  • Range: over 750 miles (1,200 km)

Cessna Model 195 (USAF LC-126A) Specifications and Performance Data


Overview

  • The Cessna 195 is similar to the Cessna 190 except that it is fitted with a 300-hp Jacobs engine in place of the 240-hp Continental engine. This model may also be fitted with Edo 3430 floats.

  • The USAF acquired twelve Cessna 195s under the designation LC 126A. These aircraft were specially modified for Arctic rescue work and are equipped with interchangeable wheel, float and ski landing-gear.

General Characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 4 in (8.33 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.16 m)
  • Airfoil: NACA 2412
  • Empty weight: 2,050 lb (930 kg)
  • Useful load: 1300 (589 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,350 lb (1,519 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Jacobs R-755-A2 radial engine, 300-hp (225 kW)

Weights and Loadings:

  • Weight empty: 2,030 lb (922 kg)
  • Weight loaded: 3,350 lb (1,521 kg)
  • Wing loading: 15.36 psf (14.85 kg/m2)
  • Power loading: 11.16 lb/hp (5.06 kg/hp)

Performance:

  • Max speed: 180 mph (288 km/h.)
  • Cruising speed at 70% power: 165 mph (264 km/h) at 7,000 ft (2,135 m)
  • Initial rate of climb: 1,200 fpm (366 m/min)
  • Service ceiling: 18,300 ft (5,580 m)
  • Range: over 750 miles (1,200 km)

References


  1. Photos, John Shupek, Copyright © 2009 Skytamer Images. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
  2. Wikepedia. "Cessna 195." [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cessna_195, 17 September 2009
  3. Bridgman, Leonard (ed.) Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1949-50. London, Sampson Low, Marston & Company, Ltd. 1950, pp 204c.


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