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Cessna 195 Busnessliner
Single-engine high-wing five-seat conventional-gear high-wing cabin monoplane, U.S.A.


Archive Photos [1]


[1948 Cessna 195 (N195H, c/n 7200) at the 2005 Camarillo Air Show, Camarillo, CA (Photo by John Shupek)]

[1949 Cessna 195 (N195SC, s/n 7402) at the 2009 Cable Air Show, Cable Airport, Upland, CA (Photos by John Shupek)]

Cessna 190/195 Overview [2]


  • Role: Light personal and business aircraft
  • National origin: USA
  • Manufacturer: Cessna Aircraft Company
  • First flight: 1945
  • Introduction: 1947
  • Produced: 1947-1954
  • Number built: 1,180
  • Unit cost: USD $12,750 (1947)
  • Developed from: Cessna 165

The Cessna 190 and 195 Businessliner are a family of light single radial engine powered, conventional landing gear equipped, general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954. The 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force, United States Army, and Army National Guard as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designations LC-126/U-20.

Development [2]


The Cessna 190 and 195 were Cessna's only postwar radial-engined aircraft. The first prototype flew in 1945, after the end of World War II and both the 190 and 195 entered production in 1947.

The 195 was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum and features a cantilever wing, similar to the pre-war Cessna 165 from which it is derived. The wing differs from later Cessna light aircraft in that it has a straight taper from root chord to tip chord and no dihedral. The airfoil employed is a NACA 2412, the same as used on the later Cessna 150, Cessna 172 and Cessna 182.

The Cessna 190/195 fuselage is large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated in the nose. There are two rows of seats: two individual seats in the first row, with a comfortable space between them and up to three passengers can be accommodated on a bench seat in the second row.

The Cessna 190/195 has flat sprung-steel landing gear legs derived from Cessna's purchase of the rights to Steve Wittman's Big X. Many have been equipped with swiveling crosswind landing gear which allows landing with up to 15 degrees of crab. While the crosswind gear simplifies the actual landing, it makes the aircraft difficult to handle on the ground. The 195 is equipped with a retractable step that extends when the cabin door is opened, although some have been modified to make the step a fixed unit.

The aircraft was expensive to purchase and operate for private use and Cessna therefore marketed them as mainly as a business aircraft under the name "Businessliner".

The engines fitted to the Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 became well known for their oil consumption. The aircraft has a 5-US-gallon (19 L) oil tank, with 2 US gallons (7.6 L) the minimum for flight. Typical oil consumption with steel cylinder barrels is 2 US quarts (1.9 L) per hour.

A factory-produced floatplane version was equipped with a triple tail for improved yaw stability. The tail resembles that of the Lockheed Constellation. The Cessna 195 produces a cruise true airspeed of 148 knots (274 km/h) (170 MPH) on a fuel consumption of 16 US gallons (61 L) per hour. It can accommodate five people. Including the LC-126s, a total of 1,180 Cessna 190s and Cessna 195s were built. The Cessna 190 was originally introduced at a price of USD $12,750 in 1947 (equivalent to $135,348 in 2015). When production ended in 1954 the price had risen to USD $24,700 (equivalent to $218,015 in 2015) for the Cessna 195B. This compared to USD $3,495 for the Cessna 140 two seater of the same period.

Cessna LC-126/U-20 [2]


The Cessna LC-126 was the military version of the 300 hp (220 kW) Cessna 195 and could be fitted with skis or floats. 83 Cessna LC-126s were delivered, including: USAF - Cessna LC-126 - 15; Army National Guard - Cessna LC-126B - 5; and US Army - Cessna LC-126C - 63. Once made surplus the majority of Cessna LC-126s were sold as civil aircraft, once modified by a Cessna civil kit.

Operational History [2]


The Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 are considered "one of the finest classics ever built" by pilots and collectors and are much sought after on the used aircraft market. In February 2016 the number of Cessna 190s and Cessna 195s still registered in the USA were: 89 Cessna 190s, 231 Cessna 195s, 133 Cessna 195As, and 125 Cessna 195Bs. In August 2009 there were three Cessna 190s and 17 Cessna 195s registered in Canada. Other Cessna 190 and 195 aircraft have been purchased by private pilot owners resident in Brazil and the United Kingdom.

Variants [2]


The main difference between the 190 and the 195 models was the engine installed.

  • Cessna 190: Powered by a Continental W670-23 engine of 240 hp (180 kW) and first certified on 1 July 1947.
  • Cessna 195: Powered by a Jacobs R-755-A2 engine of 300 hp (225 kW) and first certified on 12 June 1947.
  • Cessna 195A: Powered by a Jacobs L-4MB (R-755-9) engine of 245 hp (184 kW) and first certified on 6 January 1950.
  • Cessna 195B: Powered by a Jacobs R-755B2 engine of 275 hp (206 kW) and first certified on 31 March 1952. It featured flaps increased in area by 50% over earlier models.
  • Cessna LC-126A: Military version of the Cessna 195, five-seat communication aircraft for the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army, it could be fitted with skis or floats.
  • Cessna LC-126B:
  • Cessna LC-126C:
  • Cessna U-20B: Cessna LC-126B redesignated by the USAF after 1962.
  • Cessna U-20C: Cessna LC-126C redesignated by the USAF after 1962.

Civil Operators [2]


  • The Cessna 190 and Cessna 195 have been popular with private individuals and companies, and have also been operated by some air charter companies and small feeder airlines.

Military Operators [2]


  • United States: Army National Guard, United States Army, United States Air Force

Cessna 195 Specifications [2]


General Characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: four passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 4 in (8.33 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
  • Empty weight: 2,100 lb (953 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3,350 lb (1,520 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 75 US gallons (280 l; 62 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Jacobs R-755 radial engine, 300 hp (220 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Hamilton Standard constant speed propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 185 mph (298 km/h; 161 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 170 mph (148 kn; 274 km/h) at 70% power
  • Stall speed: 62 mph (54 kn; 100 km/h) power off, flaps 45°
  • Range: 800 mi (695 nmi; 1,287 km) at 70% power
  • Service ceiling: 18,300 ft (5,578 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,200 ft/min (6.1 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 15.36 lb/ft² (75.0 kg/m²)

References


  1. Photos, John Shupek, Copyright © 2005 & 2009 Skytamer Images (Skytamer.com). All Rights Reserved
  2. Wikipedia. Cessna 195

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