Cessna 182G "Skylane"
United States — Four-seat Light Utility CAbin Monoplane


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Archive Photos

1964 Cessna 182G "Skylane" (N2040R, s/n 18255240) at the 2009 Cable Air Show, Cable Airport, Upland, CA (Photo by John Shupek)

Overview


The Cessna 182, marketed under the name "Skylane", is a four-seat, single-engine, light airplane. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area. Introduced in 1956, the Cessna 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna model, after the Cessna 172 "Skyhawk".

  • Role: Light utility aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Cessna Aircraft Company
  • Introduced: 1956
  • Number built: over 23,237
  • Unit cost: Cessna 182T Skylane USD $367,000 (2008); Cessna T182T Turbo Skylane USD $398,500 (2008)

Development


The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear variant of the Cessna 180 "Skywagon". In 1957, the Cessna 182A variant was introduced along with the name "Skylane". Later models have added more powerful engines and bigger windows.

Cessna cites the 1990s resumption in producing general aviation aircraft such as this model due to change in U.S. liability laws. In 2005, Cessna began offering the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit as an optional upgrade to the Skylane. Subsequently the glass cockpit became standard equipment.

Design


The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger Cessna 205/206 series; however, some wing details such as flap and aileron design are the same as the Cessna 172 and are not like the Cessna 205/206 components.

Retractable Gear


The retractable gear Cessna R182 and Cessna TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging respectively. The nomenclature is confusing, as smaller Cessna singles with optional retractable gear are called "Number" RG (eg Cessna 172RG, Cessna 177RG), and one sometimes reads or hears of "182RG" in error. However, Cessna called the Cessna R182 the "Skylane RG". The Cessna R182 and Cessna TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed gear counterparts (or, alternatively, 10-15% better gas mileage at the same speeds) at the cost of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness. The 1978 Cessna R182, for example, has a sea level climb rate of 1,140 fpm and cruising speed (75% BHP) at 7,500 feet (2,300 m) of 156 KTAS at standard temperature.

The landing gear retraction system in the Cessna Skylane RG uses hydraulic actuators powered by an electrically-driven pump. The system includes a gear position warning that emits an intermittent tone through the cabin speaker when the gear is in the retracted position and either the throttle is reduced below approximately 12" MAP or the flaps are extended beyond 20 degrees. In the event of a hydraulic pump failure, the landing gear may be lowered using a hand pump to pressurize the hydraulic system. There is no alternative procedure for retracting the landing gear.

Engines


  • 182 to 182Q - One 230 hp (170 kW) Continental O-470 horizontally opposed six-cylinder engine driving a two blade constant speed propeller.
  • R182 - One 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-J3C5D normally-aspirated, direct-drive, air-cooled, horizontally-opposed, carburetor equiped, six-cylinder engine with 541.5 cu. in. displacement [4]
  • TR182 - One 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-L3C5D horizontally opposed turbonormalized six cylinder engine.
  • 182S - One 230 hp (170 kW) Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5.
  • SMA retrofit - One 230 hp (170 kW) SMA SR305-230.

Variants


  • 182 - 1956 - debut
  • 182A - 1957 - higher performance model introduced, Skylane name first used
  • 182B - 1959 - cowl flaps added
  • 182C - added swept tail & third side cabin window
  • 182E - cut down rear fuselage & "omni-vision" wraparound rear window
  • R182 - 1977 - retractable gear variant introduced
  • 182G - elliptical rear side windows
  • 182P - tubular steel undercarriage
  • 182M - 1967 - experimental model with a full cantilever wing[5]
  • 182Q - 1973 - enlarge fin fillet
  • T182 - turbocharged variant
  • 182R - 1982
  • 182S - 1996 - resumed production
  • 182T - 2001 - current normally aspirated model
  • T182T - 2001 - current turbocharged model

Aircraft Type Clubs


The Cessna 182 is supported by a number of active aircraft type clubs, including The Cessna Pilots Association and The Cessna 172/182 Club.

Operators


Civil Users

  • The 182 is used, along with 172 aircraft, by the Civil Air Patrol as a platform for the Satellite Digital Imaging System and for search and rescue operations.

  • Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA (called A182), and by Reims Aviation, France, as the F-182.

Military Operators

  • Argentina
  • Belize
  • Canada: Five L-182 (Canadian Army) retired 1970
  • Guatemala
  • Lesotho
  • Mexico
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

1975 Cessna Model 182


Three versions of the Cessna Model 182 were available for 1975:

  1. Cessna Model 182 — Standard model, as described.
  2. Skylane — Deluxe version of the Cessna Model 182, described separately.
  3. Skylane II — Version of the Cessna Skylane with a factory installed avionics package.

The 1975 versions of the Cessna Model 182 had a number of improvements as standard, including a new lower profile glareshield, an easy-to-read instrument panel, additional soundproofing, new hatshelf moulded into the aft bulkhead, new interior and exterior styling, and quick fuel drain with sampler cup. New options included dual com antennae installed in the fin leading edge, and inertia-reel shoulder harness. A total of 14,507 Cessna Model 182/Skylanes had been built by 1 January 1975.

Type:

  • Four-seat cabin monoplane.

Wings:

  • Braced high-wing monoplane.
  • Wing section NACA 2412, modified.
  • Incidence at root 0° 47', at tip 2° 50'.
  • Dihedral 1° 44'.
  • Wing structure similar to Cessna Model 172, except metal-to-metal bonded leading-edge.

Fuselage:

  • All-metal semi-monocoque structure.

Tail Unit:

  • Cantilever all-metal structure with swept fin and rudder.
  • Trim tab in starboard elevator.

Landing Gear:

  • Non-retractable tricycle type.
  • Land-O-Matic cantilever main legs, each comprising a one-piece machined conically tapered spring steel tube.
  • Steerable nosewheel with oleo-pneumatic shock-absorption.
  • Cessna main wheels and tires size 6.00 6, pressure 42 psi (2.95 kg/cm2).
  • Cessna nosewheel and tire size 5.00 5, pressure 49 psi (3.44 kg/cm2).
  • Cessna hydraulic disc brakes.
  • Parking brake.
  • Optional wheel fairings.

Power Plant:

  • Similar to that of the Cessna Model 180, except for McCauley propeller type 2A34C203/90DCA 8.

Accommodation:

  • Generally similar to Cessna Model 172 with standard seating for four; four seatbelts and two shoulder harnesses standard.
  • Optional child's seat.
  • Baggage space aft of rear seats and hatshelf with total capacity of 200 lb (91 kg), with external baggage door.
  • Cargo tiedown not standard.
  • Front seat inertia-reel shoulder harness, rear seat shoulder harness and leather seating optional.

Systems:

  • Electrical system powered by 60A 14V engine-driven alternator.
  • 12V battery.
  • Hydraulic system for brakes only.
  • Vacuum system optional.
  • Oxygen system of 48 ft3 (1.36 m3) capacity optional.

Optional electronics include:

  • Cessna 200 Series 200A Nav 0Matic autopilot
  • 300 Series 360 channel com transceiver
  • 720 channel nav/com with remote VOR/LOC or VOR/ILS Indicator
  • ADF with digital tuning
  • Marker beacon with three lights and aural signal
  • Transponder with 4096 code capability
  • DME
  • 10 channel HF transceiver
  • 300A Nav-O-Matic single-axis autopilot with heading control plus VOR intercept and track
  • 400 Series glideslope receiver
  • ADF with digital tuning and transponder with 4096 code capability.

Standard equipment includes:

  • Audible stall warning device
  • Variable intensity instrument panel red floodlights
  • Pedestal lights
  • Control locks
  • Armrests
  • Windscreen defrosters
  • Cabin dome light
  • Baggage restraint net
  • Adjustable cabin ventilators
  • Tinted windscreen and windows
  • Landing, taxi and navigation lights, and
  • Cabin steps.

Optional equipment includes:

  • Blind-flying instrumentation
  • Sensitive altimeter
  • Electric clock
  • Outside air temperature gauge
  • Turn co ordinator indicator
  • Rate of climb indicator
  • Dual controls
  • Control wheel with map light and microphone switch
  • Carburetor air temperature gauge
  • Economy mixture indicator
  • True airspeed indicator
  • Instrument post lights
  • Flight hour recorder
  • Rear window curtain
  • Sun visors
  • Cabin fire extinguisher
  • Headrests
  • Rearview mirror
  • Inertia reel shoulder harness for front seats
  • Shoulder harness for rear seats
  • Leather seating
  • Child's seat
  • Skylights
  • Stretcher installation
  • Utility shelf
  • Emergency locator transmitter
  • Rear seat ventilation system
  • External power socket
  • Non-congealing oil cooler
  • Full-flow oil filter
  • Quick drain oil valve
  • Engine winterization kit
  • Engine priming system
  • Overall paint scheme
  • Towbar
  • Internal corrosion proofing
  • Navigation light detectors
  • Heated stall warning transmitter
  • Heated pitot
  • Glider tow hook
  • Omni-flash beacon
  • Courtesy lights
  • Wingtip strobe lights
  • Tailplane abrasion boots
  • Static dischargers alternate static source, and
  • Tailcone lift handles.

Dimensions (external):

  • Wing span: 35 ft 10 in (10.92 m)
  • Wing chord at root: 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m)
  • Wing chord at tip: 3 ft 7 in (1.09 m)
  • Length overall: 28 ft 2 in (8.59 m)
  • Height overall: 9 ft 11 in (2.78 m)
  • Tailplane span: 11 ft 8 in (3.55 m)
  • Wheel track: 9 ft 1 in (2.77 m)
  • Wheelbase: 5 ft 6-1/2 in (1.69 m)
  • Propeller diameter: 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)
  • Passenger doors (each):
    • Height: 3 ft 4-1/4 in (1.02 m)
    • Width: 2 ft 11-1/4 in (0.90 m)

Areas:

  • Wings, gross: 174 ft2 (16.16 m2)
  • Ailerons (total): 18.3 ft2 (1.70 m2)
  • Trailing-edge flaps (total): 21.20 ft2 (1.97 m2)
  • Fin: 11 62 ft2 (1.08 m2)
  • Rudder: 6.95 ft2 (0.65 m2)
  • Tailplane: 22.96 ft2 (2.13 m2)
  • Elevators: 15.85 ft2 (1.47 m2)

Weights and Loadings:

  • Weight empty, equipped: 1,610 lb (730 kg)
  • Max T O weight: 2,950 lb (1,338 kg)
  • Max wing loading: 16.9 lb/ft2 (82.5 kg/m2)
  • Max power loading: 12.8 lb/hp (5.8 kg/hp)

Performance at max T/O weight):

  • Max level speed at S/L: 146 knots (168 mph; 270 km/h)
  • Max cruising speed, 75% power at 6,500 ft: (1,980 m) 140 knots (161 mph; 259 km/h)
  • Econ cruising speed at 10,000 ft (3,050 m): 114 knots (131 mph; 211 km/h)
  • Stalling speed, flaps up: 56 knots (64 mph; 103 km/h)
  • Stalling speed, flaps down: 50 knots (57 mph; 92 km/h)
  • Max rate of climb at S/L: 890 ft (271 m)/min
  • Service ceiling: 17,700 ft (5,395 m)
  • T/O run: 705 ft (215 m)
  • T/O to 50 ft (15 m): 1,350 ft (411 m)
  • Landing from 50 ft (15 m): 1,350 ft (411 m)
  • Landing run: 590 ft (180 m)
  • Range at max cruising speed, standard fuel, no reserve: 599 nm (690 miles; 1,110 km)
  • Range at max cruising speed, with long-range fuel tanks, no reserve: 790 nm (910 miles; 1,460 km)
  • Range at econ cruising speed, standard fuel, no reserve: 768 nm (885 miles; 1,424 km)
  • Range at econ cruising speed, with long-range fuel tanks, no reserve: 1,007 nm (1,160 miles; 1,865 km)

Cessna Skylane and Skylane II


The Skylane is a deluxe version of the Cessna Model 182 and was introduced in January 1958. Two versions were available for 1975:

Skylane:

Generally similar to Cessna Model 182, except standard equipment includes:

  • Full blind flying instrumentation
  • Sensitive altimeter
  • Electric clock
  • Outside air temperature gauge
  • Turn co ordinator indicator
  • Rate of climb indicator
  • Rear window curtain
  • Sun visors
  • Wheel fairings
  • Overall paint scheme, and
  • Pitot and stall warning heating systems.

Skylane II:

As Skylane, plus:

  • Factory installed avionics package which Includes:
  • Cessna Series 300 nav/com with 720 channel com and 200channel nav with remote VOR/LOC
  • ADF
  • Transponder and 200A Nav-O-Matic autopilot with VOR/LOC track and intercept.
  • Other standard equipment includes:
  • True airspeed indicator
  • External power socket
  • Dual controls
  • Navigation light detectors
  • Long-range fuel tanks
  • Courtesy lights
  • Emergency locator transmitter and omni-flash beacon.

It was announced on 1 June 1971, that the Venezuelan Air Force had purchased 12 Model 182/Skylanes from Salta CA, Caracas, Cessna's Venezuelan distributor. Delivered in July 1971, they were used as personnel transports, and for training and, FAC duties.

Dimensions (external):

  • Wing span: 35 ft 10 in (10.92 m)
  • Wing chord at root: 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m)
  • Wing chord at tip: 3 ft 7 in (1.09 m)
  • Length overall: 28 ft 2 in (8.59 m)
  • Height overall: 9 ft 11 in (2.78 m)
  • Tailplane span: 11 ft 8 in (3.55 m)
  • Wheel track: 9 ft 1 in (2.77 m)
  • Wheelbase: 5 ft 6-1/2 in (1.69 m)
  • Propeller diameter: 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)
  • Passenger doors (each):
    • Height: 3 ft 4-1/4 in (1.02 m)
    • Width: 2 ft 11-1/4 in (0.90 m)

Weights and Loadings:

  • Weight empty, equipped:
  • Skylane: 1,655 lb (751 kg)
  • Skylane II: 1,720 lb (780 kg)
  • Max T O weight: 2,950 lb (1,338 kg)
  • Max wing loading: 16.9 lb/ft2 (82.5 kg/m2)
  • Max power loading: 12.8 lb/hp (5.8 kg/hp)

Performance at max T/O weight):

  • Max level speed at S/L: 148 knots (170 mph; 274 km/h)
  • Max cruising speed, 75% power at 6,500 ft: (1,980 m) 143 knots (165 mph; 266 km/h)
  • Econ cruising speed at 10,000 ft (3,050 m): 117 knots (135 mph; 217 km/h)
  • Stalling speed, flaps up: 56 knots (64 mph; 103 km/h)
  • Stalling speed, flaps down: 50 knots (57 mph; 92 km/h)
  • Max rate of climb at S/L: 890 ft (271 m)/min
  • Service ceiling: 17,700 ft (5,395 m)
  • T/O run: 705 ft (215 m)
  • T/O to 50 ft (15 m): 1,350 ft (411 m)
  • Landing from 50 ft (15 m): 1,350 ft (411 m)
  • Landing run: 590 ft (180 m)
  • Range at max cruising speed, standard fuel, no reserve: 616 nm (710 miles; 1,142 km)
  • Range at max cruising speed, optional fuel, no reserve: 816 nm (940 miles; 1,512 km)
  • Range at econ cruising speed, standard fuel, no reserve: 790 nm (910 miles; 1,464 km)
  • Range at econ cruising speed, optional fuel, no reserve: 1,042 nm (1,200 miles; 1,931 km)

Cessna 182T Skylane Specifications and Performance Data


General Characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 29 ft 0 in (8.84 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (11.0 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.8 m)
  • Wing area: 174 sq ft (16.2 m²)
  • Airfoil: NACA 2412
  • Empty weight: 1,970 lb (894 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 3,110 lb (1,411 kg)
  • Useful load: 1,140 lb (517 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,100 lb (1406 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 3-Bladed Constant Speed, 230 hp (172 kW)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 175 knots (201 mph, 324 km/h)
  • Maximum speed: 150 knots (173 mph, 278 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 145 knots (167 mph, 269 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 49 knots (56 mph, 91 km/h)
  • Range: 930 nmi (1,070 mi, 1,722 km)
  • Service ceiling: 18,100 ft (5,517 m)
  • Rate of climb: 924 ft/min (4.7 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 17.8 lb/sq ft (87 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.074 hp/lb (122 W/kg)

References


  1. Photos, John Shupek, Copyright © 2009 Skytamer Images. All Rights Reserved
  2. Wikepedia. "Cessna 182." [Online] Available http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cessna_182, 15 September 2009
  3. Taylor, John W. R. (ed.) Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1975-76. London, Jane's Yearbooks, 1975, ISBN 0-531 03250-7, pp 304.


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